Lipsticks are cosmetic products. They contain pigments, emollients, waxes and oils that apply texture, color, and protection to the lips. There are many types and colors of lipsticks. For instance, Lip balms are lipsticks that add color and hydration. Indisputably, lipsticks are prerequisites when it comes to fashion. Let us review them in details, beginning with ingredients.
As mentioned earlier, lipsticks are made up of emollients, antioxidants, waxes, and oils. Wax serves to provide structure to the solid lipstick. A variety of waxes can be utilized to make lipsticks like ozokerite, beeswax, and candelilla wax. Following the high melting point of carnauba wax, it is used as a key ingredient for strengthening the lipstick. Different types of fats and oils are used in lipsticks, for example, cocoa butter, lanolin, mineral oil, petrolatum, and olive oil.
Other ingredients also found in many lipsticks are lead and some trace elements. However, it is not possible to determine whether these metals are in lipsticks just by looking at the ingredient list since they are not intentional ingredients but rather, they are added as unintentional contaminants. The trace metals are naturally occurring and they accidentally mix up with other chemicals that are used in lipstick production. Trace metals and lead are not normally listed in the ingredient section of some lipsticks. What should be checked on the ingredient list of lipsticks are thimerosal, sodium hexametaphosphate, chromium, lead acetate, and hydrogenated cottonseed oil.
The Color Issue
The colors of lipsticks come from a variety of lake dyes and pigments. The dyes and pigments include D&C Red 34, D&C Red No 21, D&C Red 7, D&C Orange 17, bromo acid and Calcium Lake. A mixture of red shades and titanium oxide make pink lipsticks. Inorganic and organic pigments are employed.
For the matte lipsticks, they do not contain a lot of emollients but have more filling agents like silica. Crème lipsticks have more waxes than oils. Glossy lipstick has more oil for a shiny finish to the lips. Long lasting and sheer lipsticks have more oil and silicone oil that seals the various colors to the wearer’s lips.
Frost and shimmery lipsticks may have silica, mica, and some synthetic pearl particles like bismuth oxychloride. These key ingredients give out a glittery and shimmery shine.
Matte lipsticks contain more filling agents like silica but do not have many emollients. Creme lipsticks contain more waxes than oils. Sheer and long-lasting lipsticks contain more oil, while long-lasting lipsticks also contain silicone oil, which seals the colors to the wearer’s lips. Glossy lipstick contains more oil to give a shiny finish to the lips.
The process of making lipsticks involves grinding and heating the ingredients. Heated waxes are added to the mix to give out the texture. lanolins and oils are further added for specific formula requirements. The hot liquid is afterward poured into a metal mold and the mixture is then chilled. After hardening, the mixture from the mold is heated in flame for a half a second to form a shiny finish and to get rid of imperfections.
Lipsticks come in a variety. For instance, there are glosses, lip balms, liners, crayons, stains, and pencils. For glosses and balms, they are more translucent and not as vibrant and dark. Some people prefer buying glosses and lip balms over lipstick for a more hydrating feeling.
Additionally, they also have many variations including lip balms, glosses, crayons, pencils, liners, and stains. Balms and glosses tend to be more translucent and not as dark or vibrant. Some individuals opt to buy lip balms and glosses over lipstick, as they get a more hydrating feeling from it.